Pygmy Antelope

The "Little Five" or "Tiny Ten" either way you refer to the smallest of African Antelopes, these diminutive species are a challenge to hunt and are found all over the African Continent.

Also called "Bush" or "Common" Duiker. Found in several countries but can be difficult to hunt due to their secretive nature. This trophy ram was my first ram on this safari but I had taken a female earlier in the Gauteng Province. Long range shooting using a .223 was required to harvest this Duiker.


Class: Animals with Milk Glands (Mammalia)

Subclass: True Mammals (Eutheria)

Order: Even-toed Mammals (Artiodactyla)

Family: Bovidae.

The Name "Steenbok": "Steenbok" and "steinbok" are variations on the same Afrikaans (South African Dutch) word for "stone buck."

Location: Southern Africa and part of East Africa.

Habitat: Terrestrial. Open plains and lightly wooded savanna.

Description: The coat Is a uniform reddish color, sometimes turning grayish with a light silvery sheen. The delicate appearance of this slightly built antelope is accentuated by its long legs and thin neck. The ears are long and broad, and the tail is only a short stump. The horns, present only in the male, curve slightly forward and average 4 inches long with 7 inches being the record. Length of head and body is about three feet, two feet high at the shoulder, and it weighs about 26 pounds, the male sometimes lighter than the female.

Behavior: The steenbok is active both day and night constantly moving in search of food. It feeds on many plant species, eating grass, tubers, leaves, and fruit. It can go for long periods without drinking. It is found in lowland habitats, and never ventures into hilly areas. It is said sometimes to take refuge in the old burrows of aardvarks. It is generally solitary and is seen only briefly in pairs during the short mating season.

Reproduction: Gestation lasts about seven months, and one young is born.